Is filing FIR compulsory before doing Panchnama?

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This topic contains 1 reply, has 2 voices, and was last updated by Dr. Ashok Dhamija Dr. Ashok Dhamija 8 months, 2 weeks ago.

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  • #3286

    Is it compulsory to lodge FIR before doing panchnama?
    Please explain in detail

  • #3288

    No. Filing of FIR is not compulsory before preparing Panchnama in a case. FIR can be filed subsequent to a Panchnama also depending on facts of a case.

    Panchnama is considered to be a part of the investigation in an offence.

    Now, Section 157 of the Criminal Procedure Code lays down “Procedure for Investigation”. Sub-section (1) of this section begins with: “If, from information received or otherwise, an officer in charge of a police station has reason to suspect the commission of an offence which he is empowered under Section 156 to investigate, … … shall proceed in person, or shall depute one of his subordinate officers … …, to proceed, to the spot, to investigate the facts and circumstances of the case, and, if necessary, to take measures for the discovery and arrest of the offender…”.

    This section makes it clear that the police officer can start investigation from information received or otherwise. Here, the expression information received implies information received under Section 154 of Cr.P.C., which is FIR. And the expression or otherwise implies that the investigation can be started even without registration of FIR.

    Thus, panchnama, being part of investigation, can be prepared before the registration of FIR also, if need arises in the facts of a case, though FIR would be generally registered subsequently.


    Dr. Ashok Dhamija is a New Delhi based Supreme Court Advocate and author of law books. Read more about him by clicking here. List of his Forum Replies. List of his other articles. List of his Quora Answers.

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