Discussion about SSB (Sashastra Seema Bal) which is a security force in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (Also freely subscribe to our YouTube Education channel with about 100 free videos on UPSC IAS and other competitive examinations):
Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) – History
- In the wake of the Chinese conflict in 1962, it was felt that the borders of the country could not be protected with the force of rifles alone. It required the backing and resolute will of a committed border population.
- The Special Service Bureau (now Sashastra Seema Bal) was created in March 1963 with the sole objective of achieving ‘Total security preparedness’ in the remote border areas for performing a ‘stay-behind’ role in the event of a war.
- After the Kargil war, the K. Subramanayam Committee’s Report was considered by a Group of Ministers for relocation of all Para-military forces to achieve optimum efficiency by assigning one border for each force.
- SSB was declared as a Border Guarding Force in 15th January, 2001 under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- It was renamed as “Sashastra Seema Bal” on 15th December, 2003.
- On 19 June, 2001, SSB was given the mandate to guard the Indo-Nepal Border (1751 Kms.) and was declared the Lead Intelligence Agency for that area.
- The added responsibility of guarding Indo-Bhutan Border was given to SSB on 12th March, 2004 along with being declared the Lead Intelligence Agency for that border.
Sashastra Seema Bal – Introduction
- Sashastra Seema Bal or SSB is a Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) of the Union of India.
- It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India.
- It has 67 battalions (including 2 battalions converted to NDRF).
- Sanctioned strength is about 91000 personnel.
- At present, SSB is engaged primarily as Border Guarding Force on Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Border.
- It is now governed by the Sashastra Seema Bal Act, 2007. As per this Act, SSB is constituted for ensuring the security of the borders of India and performing such other duties as may be entrusted to it by the Central Government.
Organisation of SSB
- SSB is headed by a Director General (DG) at the Force Headquarters in New Delhi.
- Present DG is Smt. Archana Ramasundaram (IPS: 1980 : Tamil Nadu).
- DG is assisted by one Addl. DG.
- Various Directorates including Operations and Intelligence, Personnel and Training, Administration, Provisioning and Communication, Medical, as well as others, function under the DG. Each Directorate is headed by an IG.
- SSB is divided into 6 Frontier Headquarters, each headed by an IG.
- These Frontier Hqrs are further divided into 18 Sector Hqrs, each headed by a DIG.
- Then, there are 67 Battalions under these Sectors, each headed by a Commandant.
Role of SSB
- At present, SSB is engaged primarily as Border Guarding Force on Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Border [2450 kms long Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan border, which is mostly open border].
- SSB is now spread along the International border across Uttarakhand, UP, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
- Safeguard the security of assigned borders of India and promote sense of security among the people living in border areas.
- Prevent trans-border crimes, smuggling and any other illegal activities.
- Prevent unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory of India.
- Carry out civic action programme in the area of responsibility.
- Perform any other duty assigned by the Central Government.
- SSB is being deployed for Law & Order, Counter Insurgency Operations and Election duty.
Watch the YouTube video with full explanation:
This video discusses brief details of the SSB (Sashastra Seema Bal) which is a security force covered under the item “Various Security Forces and agencies and their mandate” mentioned in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination.
This video is useful for the aspirants of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (for IAS, IPS, IFS, and Group-A Central Services), and also for aspirants of other competitive examinations.
This video has been prepared by Dr. Ashok Dhamija, a former IPS.
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