Discussion about NSG (National Security Guard) which is a security force in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (Also freely subscribe to our YouTube Education channel with about 100 free videos on UPSC IAS and other competitive examinations):
NSG – Introduction
- National Security Guard (NSG) was set up in 1984 after the Operation Blue Star in Punjab.
- It has been set up as a Central Contingency Deployment Force to tackle all facets of terrorism in the country.
- The primary role of NSG is to combat terrorism in whatever form it may assume in areas where activity of terrorists assumes serious proportions, and the State Police and other Central Police Forces cannot cope up with the situation.
- The NSG is a Force specially equipped and trained to deal with specific situations and is therefore, to be used only in exceptional situations.
- It is not designed to undertake the functions of the State Police Forces or other Para Military Forces of the Union of India.
- NSG is governed by the National Security Guard Act, 1986.
- As per Section 4 of this Act, NSG an “armed force of the Union” for combating terrorist activities with a view to protect States against internal disturbances.
- NSG is under the control of Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt of India.
- MHA website shows NSG as one of the Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) of the Union.
- It is a special force of the Union, which is not routinely deployed generally. It is used more for dealing with specific terrorist operations. However, NSG commandos are used for VIP / VVIP protection on a regular basis.
- NSG consists of two elements in the form of:
- the Special Action Groups (SAG) comprising Army personnel and
- the Special Ranger Groups (SRG), comprising personnel drawn from the Central Para Military Forces and State Police Forces.
- In addition, it also has National Bomb Data Centre (NBDC).
- All the personnel of the NSG are on deputation.
- NSG personnel are often referred to in the media as Black Cats
- Annual budget of NSG would be ₹ 816.10 crore for F.Y. 2017-18.
NSG – Organisation
- The headquarters of NSG is in New Delhi.
- It is headed by a Director General (DG), who is equivalent to the rank of Lt. General in the Army.
- NSG DG has generally been an officer from the IPS.
- DG is assisted by 4 Major General / Inspector General level officers.
- Inspector General (Operations) – generally a Major General from Army
- Inspector General (Training) – generally a Major General from Army
- Inspector General (Administration) – generally from IPS.
- Inspector General (Headquarters) – generally from IPS
- These officers are further assisted by Brigadier / DIG level officers.
- In addition to NSG’s main base at Manesar in Haryana, there are NSG contingents in major cities across India like Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad and Chennai.
Role and functions of NSG
- Its main role is combating terrorist activities with a view to protect States against internal disturbances.
- NSG is trained to conduct counter terrorist task, including:
- counter hijacking tasks on land, sea, and air;
- Bomb disposal (search, detection and neutralization of IEDs);
- PBI (Post Blast Investigation) and
- Hostage Rescue missions.
Special Action Group (SAG)
- The SAG is the main offensive or the strike wing of the NSG.
- Its members are drawn exclusively from the Indian army.
- There are two SAGs:
- 51 Special Action Group for counter-terror operations and
- 52 Special Action Group for counter-hijack operations.
- The smallest operation sub unit of the SAG is called “hit”, usually commanded by an NCO.
- A “hit” has five members – two pairs, or buddies, and a technical support member.
- Four hits make a team. A team is commanded by a Captain.
- In hostage rescue operations, depending on the situation, team size may vary between 50 to 90 NSG personnel.
- For immediate transport strategic transport aircraft are stationed at New Delhi’s Palam Air Force Station and are ready to deploy within 30 minutes.
Special Ranger Group (SRG)
- NSG has three SRGs, each with a strength of a battalion, (approximately total 900 including all ranks):
- 11 SRG
- 12 SRG
- 13 SRG
- SRG personnel are drawn on deputation from Central Armed Police Forces and State Police forces.
- Initially SRG’s mandate was to render logistical support to the SAGs during operations and they were also deployed for guarding high-risk VIPs/VVIPs.
- However, Since 2013, 11 SRG is converted into a regular SAG unit for undertaking specific counter-terror operations.
National Bomb Data Centre (NBDC)
- National Bomb Data Centre (NBDC) is assigned the role of monitoring, recording and analysing all bombing incidents in the country.
- It also records and analyses various bombing incidents across the world to gain knowledge in Bombing and related incidents.
- All national security agencies rely on NBDC for assistance in bombing incidents and related knowledge.
- At present NBDC act as a nodal agency for all bombing related knowledge in the country.
- It is headed by a Colonel of Indian Army Corps of Engineers on deputation, designated as Director NBDC.
- It primarily consists of personnel and officers from Indian Army Corps of Engineers who are Combat Engineers along with personnel and officers from Central Armed Police Forces with bombing related expertise.
7 Central Armed Police Forces
- Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
- Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
- National Security Guard (NSG)
- Border Security Force (BSF)
- Into-Tibetan Boarder Police Force (ITBP)
- Assam Rifles
- Shashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
Watch the YouTube video with full explanation:
This video discusses brief details of the NSG (National Security Guard) which is a security force covered under the item “Various Security Forces and agencies and their mandate” mentioned in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination.
This video is useful for the aspirants of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (for IAS, IPS, IFS, and Group-A Central Services), and also for aspirants of other competitive examinations.
This video has been prepared by Dr. Ashok Dhamija, a former IPS.
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