Discussion about ITBP (Indo Tibetan Border Police Force) which is a security force in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (Also freely subscribe to our YouTube Education channel with about 100 free videos on UPSC IAS and other competitive examinations):
ITBP – Introduction
- ITBP (Indo-Tibetan Boarder Police Force) was raised on October 24, 1962.
- ITBP was initially raised under the CRPF Act.
- However, later, a separate Act, namely, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992, was enacted by the Parliament for ITBP.
- This Act declares the Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force to be an armed force of the Union for ensuring the security of the borders of India and performing such other duties as may be entrusted to it by the Central Government.
- ITBP is a Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) of the Union.
- It comes under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- ITBP guards 3488 km long India-China border from Ladakh to Arunachal Pradesh.
- Manned border posts are at altitudes as high as 21,000 feet (6,400 m).
- ITBP is basically a mountain trained Force and most of the officers and men are professionally trained Mountaineers and Skiers.
- ITBP Personnel have scaled more than 140 Himalayan peaks including Mt. Everest Four times.
- The border posts manned by ITBP are exposed to high velocity storms, snow blizzards, avalanches, and landslides, besides the hazards of high altitude and extreme cold, where temperature dips up to minus 40 degree Celsius.
- Being the first responder for natural disasters in Himalayas, ITBP has established 8 Regional Response Centres in HP, Uttaranchal and North East and has carried out numerous rescue and relief operations in various disaster situations.
ITBP – Organisation
- At present, ITBP has a total of 54 battalions.
- It has a sanctioned strength of 89,430.
- It is headed by a Director General (DG) at its Force Headquarter in New Delhi.
- At present, the DG is Shri Krishna Chaudhary (IPS: Bihar: 1979).
- In the Force Hqrs at New Delhi, the DG is assisted by officers of the IG rank in Directorates such as Personnel, Operations, Provisioning, Works & Welfare.
- In the field formation, ITBP has 5 frontier headquarters, each headed by an IG. These frontiers are: Central, North, East, North-East, North-West.
- ITBP’s major training centre is located at Mussoorie, in Uttarakhand.
ITBP – main functions
- Guarding the India-China border.
- Vigil on the northern boarders, detection and prevention of border violations, and promotion of the sense of security among the local populace.
- Check illegal immigration, trans-border smuggling and crimes.
- Security to sensitive installations, banks and protected persons.
- Restore and preserve order in any area in the event of disturbance, wherever required.
- Besides guarding the border, it is heavily engaged in fighting terrorism in the State of J&K.
- ITBP is also providing security to the pilgrims during Annual Kailash Mansarovar Yatra since 1981.
- ITBP Commando units provide security to the Embassy and consulates of India in Afghanistan.
- ITBP Personnel are deployed in UN Peace Keeping Missions in Kosovo, Angola & Western Sahara and Sierra Leone.
ITBP – Weapons
Weapons used by ITBP include:
- Pistol Auto 9mm 1A 9mmx19 mm
- Heckler & Koch MP5 A3 9mmx19 mm SMG
- INSAS 5.56mmx45 mm Assault Rifle
- FN FAL self-loading rifle ( Indian origin, has been phased out 90%, with INSAS)
- INSAS LMG
- bren LMG
- FN MAG MMG
- Carl Gustav 84 mm recoilless rifles
- AGS-30 Automatic Grenade Launcher
- 81 mm Mortar
- 51mm Mortar
Watch the YouTube video with full explanation:
This video discusses brief details of the ITBP (Indo Tibetan Border Police Force) which is a security force covered under the item “Various Security Forces and agencies and their mandate” mentioned in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination.
This video is useful for the aspirants of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (for IAS, IPS, IFS, and Group-A Central Services), and also for aspirants of other competitive examinations.
This video has been prepared by Dr. Ashok Dhamija, a former IPS.
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