UPSC -Security Forces- CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) -IAS General Studies-3 -by...

UPSC -Security Forces- CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) -IAS General Studies-3 -by Dhamija


Discussion about CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) which is a security force in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (Also freely subscribe to our YouTube Education channel with about 100 free videos on UPSC IAS and other competitive examinations):

CISF – Introduction

  • Central Industrial Security Force (C.I.S.F) is a Central Armed Police Force of the Government of India.
  • It was set up, initially as a “force”, under an Act of the Parliament [Central Industrial Security Force Act, 1968] on 10 March 1969 with a strength of 2,800.
  • In 1983, the above Act was amended and CISF was made “an armed force of the Union”. This amendment came into force on 15 June 1983.
  • Its current sanctioned strength is 142,526 personnel.
  • Its proposed annual budget for financial year 2017-18 is ₹ 6,686.25 crore.
  • It is directly under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Its headquarter is at New Delhi.

Object of constituting CISF

Section 3 of the aforesaid Central Industrial Security Force Act, 1968 (as amended) lays down that CISF has been constituted and maintained by the Central Government:

  • for the better protection and security of Industrial undertakings owned by that Government,
  • joint venture or private industrial undertaking and
  • to perform such other duties as may be entrusted to it by the Central Government.

CISF – Organisation

  • CISF is headed by a Director General (DG) at New Delhi.
  • Present DG, CISF is Shri O.P. Singh (IPS: 1983: UP).
  • DG is assisted by an IPS officer in the rank of Addl. DG.
  • The force is divided into seven Sectors, and also has a Fire Service Wing:
    • Airport,
    • North,
    • North-East,
    • East,
    • West,
    • South and
    • Training

Main functions of CISF

  • CISF provides security cover to about 300 industrial units and other establishments located all over India.
  • Establishments owned and controlled by the Government or Central Public Sector Undertakings are protected by CISF, such as:
    • atomic power plants,
    • space installations,
    • mints,
    • oil fields and refineries,
    • major ports,
    • heavy engineering,
    • steel plants,
    • barrages,
    • fertiliser units,
    • Airports,
    • hydroelectric/thermal power plants,
    • currency note presses producing Indian currency,
    • Government buildings
    • Heritage monuments
    • Delhi Metro,
    • Taj Mahal
    • Red Fort
  • CISF also provides consultancy services to private industries as well as other organisations within the Indian government.
  • The scope of CISF’s consulting practice includes security consulting and fire protection consulting.
  • The consulting wing has amongst its clients some of the renowned business houses and organisations of India including:
    • TISCO, Jamshedpur;
    • SEBI Hqrs. Mumbai;
    • Vidhana Sabha, Bangalore;
    • Orissa Mining Co., Bhubaneswar;
    • Telangana Assembly, Hyderabad;
    • Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corp.;
    • HIL Kerala;
    • IB Thermal plant, Odisa;
    • IARI, Delhi;
    • NBRI, Lucknow and
    • Electronics City, Bangalore.

Airport Security

  • The CISF is in charge of airport security at all commercial airports in India.
  • Airport security, in the past, was under the control of airport police (under the concerned state police).
  • However, after the hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight 814 in 1999, and the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States, airport security was handed over to CISF.
  • Jaipur Airport was the first airport that came under the CISF’s control on 3 February 2000.
  • Later, majority of the commercial airports in India were brought under its purview.
  • As of now CISF is protecting a total of 59 international and domestic airports in India.
  • Airport Sector is commanded by an IPS officer of Addl. DG rank.
  • The Airport Sector is divided into a number of Field Formation Units, one for each airport.
  • Units at major international airports are commanded by a DIG or Commandant.
  • Units at smaller airports are commanded by a Deputy or Assistant Commandant.

Security of Delhi Metro

  • Security on the Delhi Metro is handled by CISF.
  • CISF is guarding Delhi Metro ever since they took over from the Delhi Police in 2007.
  • CCTV are used to monitor trains and stations, and feed from these is monitored by both the CISF and Delhi Metro authorities at their respective control rooms.
  • Over 3500 CISF personnel have been deployed to deal with law and order issues in the system, in addition to metal detectors, x-ray baggage inspection systems and dog squads which are used to secure the system.
  • Intercoms are provided in each train car for emergency communication between the passengers and the driver.
  • Periodic security drills are carried out at stations and on trains to ensure preparedness of security agencies in emergency situations.

Fire Wing of CISF

  • CISF also offers protection against Fire hazards.
  • CISF has a highly specialised, trained and fully equipped fire wing.
  • As on date, the fire wing has been inducted in 91 units.
  • The present strength of the Fire Wing is 6769 personnel.
  • The Fire wing of CISF is the largest, well trained and equipped, fire fighting force in the Government Sector.
  • It is providing fire coverage to Establishments varying from power plants, Refineries, Petrochemicals, fertilizers, Steel Plants Surface Transport, Heavy Industries, Space Application Centre etc.

Watch the YouTube video with full explanation:

This video discusses brief details of the CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) which is a security force covered under the item “Various Security Forces and agencies and their mandate” mentioned in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination.

This video is useful for the aspirants of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (for IAS, IPS, IFS, and Group-A Central Services), and also for aspirants of other competitive examinations.

This video has been prepared by Dr. Ashok Dhamija, a former IPS.


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