Discussion about CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) which is a security force in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (Also freely subscribe to our YouTube Education channel with about 100 free videos on UPSC IAS and other competitive examinations):
CISF – Introduction
- Central Industrial Security Force (C.I.S.F) is a Central Armed Police Force of the Government of India.
- It was set up, initially as a “force”, under an Act of the Parliament [Central Industrial Security Force Act, 1968] on 10 March 1969 with a strength of 2,800.
- In 1983, the above Act was amended and CISF was made “an armed force of the Union”. This amendment came into force on 15 June 1983.
- Its current sanctioned strength is 142,526 personnel.
- Its proposed annual budget for financial year 2017-18 is ₹ 6,686.25 crore.
- It is directly under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs
- Its headquarter is at New Delhi.
Object of constituting CISF
Section 3 of the aforesaid Central Industrial Security Force Act, 1968 (as amended) lays down that CISF has been constituted and maintained by the Central Government:
- for the better protection and security of Industrial undertakings owned by that Government,
- joint venture or private industrial undertaking and
- to perform such other duties as may be entrusted to it by the Central Government.
CISF – Organisation
- CISF is headed by a Director General (DG) at New Delhi.
- Present DG, CISF is Shri O.P. Singh (IPS: 1983: UP).
- DG is assisted by an IPS officer in the rank of Addl. DG.
- The force is divided into seven Sectors, and also has a Fire Service Wing:
- South and
Main functions of CISF
- CISF provides security cover to about 300 industrial units and other establishments located all over India.
- Establishments owned and controlled by the Government or Central Public Sector Undertakings are protected by CISF, such as:
- atomic power plants,
- space installations,
- oil fields and refineries,
- major ports,
- heavy engineering,
- steel plants,
- fertiliser units,
- hydroelectric/thermal power plants,
- currency note presses producing Indian currency,
- Government buildings
- Heritage monuments
- Delhi Metro,
- Taj Mahal
- Red Fort
- CISF also provides consultancy services to private industries as well as other organisations within the Indian government.
- The scope of CISF’s consulting practice includes security consulting and fire protection consulting.
- The consulting wing has amongst its clients some of the renowned business houses and organisations of India including:
- TISCO, Jamshedpur;
- SEBI Hqrs. Mumbai;
- Vidhana Sabha, Bangalore;
- Orissa Mining Co., Bhubaneswar;
- Telangana Assembly, Hyderabad;
- Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corp.;
- HIL Kerala;
- IB Thermal plant, Odisa;
- IARI, Delhi;
- NBRI, Lucknow and
- Electronics City, Bangalore.
- The CISF is in charge of airport security at all commercial airports in India.
- Airport security, in the past, was under the control of airport police (under the concerned state police).
- However, after the hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight 814 in 1999, and the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States, airport security was handed over to CISF.
- Jaipur Airport was the first airport that came under the CISF’s control on 3 February 2000.
- Later, majority of the commercial airports in India were brought under its purview.
- As of now CISF is protecting a total of 59 international and domestic airports in India.
- Airport Sector is commanded by an IPS officer of Addl. DG rank.
- The Airport Sector is divided into a number of Field Formation Units, one for each airport.
- Units at major international airports are commanded by a DIG or Commandant.
- Units at smaller airports are commanded by a Deputy or Assistant Commandant.
Security of Delhi Metro
- Security on the Delhi Metro is handled by CISF.
- CISF is guarding Delhi Metro ever since they took over from the Delhi Police in 2007.
- CCTV are used to monitor trains and stations, and feed from these is monitored by both the CISF and Delhi Metro authorities at their respective control rooms.
- Over 3500 CISF personnel have been deployed to deal with law and order issues in the system, in addition to metal detectors, x-ray baggage inspection systems and dog squads which are used to secure the system.
- Intercoms are provided in each train car for emergency communication between the passengers and the driver.
- Periodic security drills are carried out at stations and on trains to ensure preparedness of security agencies in emergency situations.
Fire Wing of CISF
- CISF also offers protection against Fire hazards.
- CISF has a highly specialised, trained and fully equipped fire wing.
- As on date, the fire wing has been inducted in 91 units.
- The present strength of the Fire Wing is 6769 personnel.
- The Fire wing of CISF is the largest, well trained and equipped, fire fighting force in the Government Sector.
- It is providing fire coverage to Establishments varying from power plants, Refineries, Petrochemicals, fertilizers, Steel Plants Surface Transport, Heavy Industries, Space Application Centre etc.
Watch the YouTube video with full explanation:
This video discusses brief details of the CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) which is a security force covered under the item “Various Security Forces and agencies and their mandate” mentioned in the Syllabus of General Studies Paper 3 of the UPSC Civil Services Examination.
This video is useful for the aspirants of the UPSC Civil Services Examination (for IAS, IPS, IFS, and Group-A Central Services), and also for aspirants of other competitive examinations.
This video has been prepared by Dr. Ashok Dhamija, a former IPS.
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