I have been told that a document should be sent for expert opinion. Can you please tell me what is expert opinion and who is an expert?
As per Section 45 of the Evidence Act, a person who is specially skilled in foreign law, science or art, or in questions as to identity of handwriting or finger impressions is called an expert. An Examiner of Electronic Evidence is also called an expert [Section 45-A of the Evidence Act].
As per Section 51 of the Evidence Act, an expert may give an account of experiments performed by him for the purpose of forming his opinion.
The opinion of these experts can be relied upon by a court when it has to form an opinion on these issues.
The opinion given by such experts is generally called expert opinion.
Further, Section 293 of the Cr.P.C. provides that any document purporting to be a report under the hand of certain Government scientific experts (as mentioned in this section), upon any matter or thing duly submitted to him for examination or analysis and report in the course of any proceeding under Cr.P.C., may be used as evidence in any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under Cr.P.C.
The experts mentioned in Section 293 Cr.P.C. are as under:
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