Section of Prevention of Corruption Act to book person giving bribe to employee?

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  • #4858

    Anonymous
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    Under which provision of the Prevention of Corruption Act can the police or CBI arrest a person who is offering or giving bribe to a public servant? Can a public servant lodge a complaint against offer of bribe to him?

  • #4859

    Till recently, it was under Section 12 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, under which a person offering or giving bribe to the public servant was punished. This section is reproduced below:

    12. Punishment for abetment of offences defined in Section 7 or 11.—Whoever abets any offence punishable under Section 7 or Section 11 whether or not that offence is committed in consequence of that abetment, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall be not less than three years but which may extend to seven years and shall also be liable to fine.”

    However, with effect from 26 July 2018, the above Act has been amended through the Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Act, 2018. These new amendments have come into force with effect from 26 July 2018. A new Section 8 has been substituted in the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, which now punishes the bribe-givers, as reproduced below:

    8. Offence relating to bribing of a public servant.- (1) Any person who gives or promises to give an undue advantage to another person or persons, with intention—

    (i) to induce a public servant to perform improperly a public duty; or

    (ii) to reward such public servant for the improper performance of public duty;

    shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or with fine or with both:

    Provided that the provisions of this section shall not apply where a person is compelled to give such undue advantage:

    Provided further that the person so compelled shall report the matter to the law enforcement authority or investigating agency within a period of seven days from the date of giving such undue advantage:

    Provided also that when the offence under this section has been committed by commercial organisation, such commercial organisation shall be punishable with fine.

    Illustration.—A person, ‘P’ gives a public servant, ‘S’ an amount of ten thousand rupees to ensure that he is granted a license, over all the other bidders. ‘P’ is guilty of an offence under this sub-section.

    Explanation.—It shall be immaterial whether the person to whom an undue advantage is given or promised to be given is the same person as the person who is to perform, or has performed, the public duty concerned, and, it shall also be immaterial whether such undue advantage is given or promised to be given by the person directly or through a third party.

    (2) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall apply to a person, if that person, after informing a law enforcement authority or investigating agency, gives or promises to give any undue advantage to another person in order to assist such law enforcement authority or investigating agency in its investigation of the offence alleged against the later.”

    Moreover, in the newly substituted Section 9 by way of the above amendments, a new offence relating to bribing a public servant by a commercial organisation, has also been created.

         


    Dr. Ashok Dhamija is a New Delhi based Supreme Court Advocate and author of law books. Read more about him by clicking here. List of his Forum Replies. List of his other articles. List of his Quora Answers.

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